Oil plays an extremely important part in human life as well as in daily life which is precious and cannot be renewed. Oil is now a natural energy source exploited by humans and plays an important role in social life. Because of its special role, oil can dominate world economies and sometimes become a source of wars. If you want to understand more about oil, its role as well as its advantages, let’s find out through the article below. Let’s find out the advantages of oil.
Oil been part of our life for century
Oil is a natural energy source exploited by humans and plays an important role in social life. Because of many advantages of oil, it can dominate world economies and sometimes become a source of wars.
Oil has played an extremely important part in people’s daily lives and activities for centuries. Oil is a valuable resource that seems to play a role in many aspects of life.
Oil, in many forms, is a thick, brown or opaque liquid.It exists in rock layers in some parts of the Earth’s crust, most of which are compounds of hydrocarbons with a very diverse composition.
In nature, oil is concentrated in large regions deep in the ground, called oil fields. An oil field usually has three layers.
Oil is a complex chemical composition of hundreds of hydrocarbons of Alkanes, Cycloalkane, and Arenes (aromatic hydrocarbons). In addition, oil contains a small number of organic substances containing oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur and traces of inorganic substances.
Since the first extraction of oil, this commodity has become an incredibly important part of our lives.It is used as fuel for so many different areas of life:
For centuries, the role of oil has been confirmed. This seems to be one of the most valuable commodities, playing an important role for global development. So this article will focus on information about the great advantages of oil.
Pros and cons of oil energy
Oil energy pros and cons have always been a subject of debate. The benefits it brings are very obvious, but at the same time, there are serious disadvantages.
Pros of oil energy
The first advantages of oil are its high efficiency. The exploitation of oil brings high efficiency, in terms of ease of exploitation, oil is an easy-to-extract material
Currently, thanks to technological advances, the technologies related to the oil extraction and refining process have been developed in a very good way and it is very easy to exploit oil fields regardless of geographical conditions.
In addition to the traditional early extraction methods, new methods have been applied in recent years. For example, fracking or hydraulic fracturing. The ways are all gas extraction techniques to get oil from deep rocks and these methods are extremely easy to implement.
A cheap energy source
The oil extraction industry has existed for centuries and with inventions in superior oil extraction technology and techniques, it has turned oil into a cheap energy. So today, oil is considered one of the cheapest sources of energy.
Oil ranks among the cheapest and most readily available fuels in the world. These qualities make it valuable as a versatile source of energy in many industries. Oil has a low cost of extraction, thanks to its easy recovery and availability of heavy machinery and equipment, which accelerates the extraction process.
Convenient for storage and transportation
In liquid form, the oil can be easily transported and stored. This type of energy can be mobilized from the extraction site to the refinery or power plant through pipelines such as oil pipelines and pipelines, or by ships or storage tanks.
An oil pipeline would be transported when the distance between the extraction point and the refinery is large and is the fastest way to do so. Pipelines work in a similar way to oil pipelines, but in addition to oil, they can transport other hydrocarbons, such as gasoline, naphtha and gas.
Tankers are commonly used at low cost. And this has contributed to oil becoming a cheap source of energy and this is also considered a great advantage of oil.
It’s a reliable source of energy
Energy density is the available energy with which we can take advantage of a resource. The oil is characterized by a very high energy density of 42,000 Kj/kg, which is 97 times higher than the lithium and phosphate batteries detected in use. That’s why we say oil is a reliable source of energy.
Boost the economic
Oil provides fuel for many forms of transportation, including ships, cars, trucks, and aircraft. It supplies power to power plants and converts to conventional diesel or gasoline fuel, making it compatible with a wide range of engines. Therefore, oil plays a very important role in the economy, a source of fuel for many different industries.
There are many economic sectors booming thanks to the huge role of oil. And in some countries, oil appears to be the main source of revenue and plays an important role in that country’s manufacturing industry.
Many countries have grown over the past century thanks to oil because this energy source has been very profitable; That is why it is also called “black gold”.
Cons of oil
A non-renewable energy source
Besides the advantages of oil, it still has some serious disadvantages. Oil is a form of fossil energy that cannot be renewable. In other words, oil cannot be regenerated and oil reserves will gradually be depleted if it continues to be exploited. And it is predicted that in the future, the oil fruit will no longer have oil to use for energy.
Oil supply is running out
Most manufacturing industries today depend on oil. It can be said that oil is the most important material of modern society used to produce electricity and is also the fuel of all means of transportation.
Moreover, oil is also used in the petrochemical industry to produce plastics and many other products. Therefore, the demand for oil is huge. Meanwhile, the supply of oil is limited because it is a non-renewable energy source. As such, the likelihood that oil supply is running out is very high.
Initial costs are expensive
Because of the decrease in oil reserves, the search for other oil fields around the world was launched, and this increased the initial cost.
Rising oil prices should cause the costs of oil-dependent industries to also rise. Since then, the cost of living has also increased.
Oil spill disaster
Oil is an indispensable raw material in human life. However, the impacts of oil on the environment are very serious, and those are the problems associated with oil spill disasters.
Oil spills are a growing environmental concern. It harms both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
Oil spills at sea can have serious economic impacts on coastal operations. As well as for those who exploit resources at sea.
Although the use value of oil is very large, due to its dangerous nature (flammability, high pollution), we still have to witness a lot of accidents from oil tankers every year. Oil spills have spilled millions of tons of oil into the sea, with huge consequences for the earth’s marine resources and environment.
Create environment pollution
Oil pros and cons are still under debate but the negative impacts of oil on the natural environment is very obvious.
- First of all, the problem of soil and water pollution: The main cause of soil and water pollution is mainly due to oil spills. Oil spills come from a vapor bounce, fracture of the weld of an oil pipe or sinking of a tanker.
- Not only that, oil also causes air pollution because it produces many gases such as CO2, SO2,…Vehicles, vehicles, and machinery are also one of the reasons for global warming.
- In addition to pollution on land, the extraction of bitumen oil also leads to the significant release of greenhouse gases that pollute the atmosphere. The large amount of energy required to process oil shale, combined with the chemical heat of the process, produces carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions.
The advantages of oil will continue to play an important role over the next two decades in the world’s energy mix. Oil plays a huge role in life which is a source of fuel for transportation as well as many important manufacturing industries around the globe. Therefore, we will still need oil to serve our daily life and the advantages of oil and disadvantages of it will continue to be debated.